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Am J Med. 2009 Dec;122(12 Suppl):S31-43. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.09.009.

Strategies for managing fibromyalgia.

Author information

1
Women's Health Research Program and Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA. lesley.arnold@uc.edu

Abstract

The presentation of fibromyalgia is heterogeneous, and the treatment approach should be individualized for each patient, depending on the severity of the patient's pain, the presence of other symptoms or comorbidities, and the degree of functional impairment. The management of fibromyalgia includes the identification and treatment of all pain sources that may be present in addition to fibromyalgia, such as peripheral pain generators (e.g., comorbid osteoarthritis or neuropathic pain) or visceral pain (e.g., comorbid irritable bowel syndrome). It is also important to address other symptoms or disorders that commonly occur in patients with fibromyalgia, such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, cognitive impairment, stiffness, and mood or anxiety disorders. Finally, the treatment should strive to improve the patient's function and global health status. In most cases, the management of fibromyalgia involves both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments. This report provides an in-depth review of randomized, controlled trials for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches to fibromyalgia therapy.

PMID:
19962495
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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