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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009 Dec;56(6):1263-83. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2009.09.006.

Vaccine preventable diseases and vaccination policy for indigenous populations.

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The National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, Sydney, Australia.


There are many similarities regarding the health status of Indigenous people in the 4 English-speaking developed countries of North America and the Pacific (United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand), where they are all now minority populations. Although vaccines have contributed to the reduction or elimination of disease disparities for many infections, Indigenous people continue to have higher morbidity and mortality from many chronic and infectious diseases compared with the general populations in their countries. This review summarizes the available data on the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases in Indigenous populations in these 4 countries in the context of the vaccination strategies used and their impact, with the aim of identifying successful strategies with the potential for wider implementation.

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