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J Hum Hypertens. 2010 Jun;24(6):367-72. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2009.86. Epub 2009 Nov 19.

Genetic variations in ATP2B1, CSK, ARSG and CSMD1 loci are related to blood pressure and/or hypertension in two Korean cohorts.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


Blood pressure, one of the important vital signs, is affected by multiple genetic and environmental factors. Recently, several genome-wide association (GWA) studies have successfully identified genetic factors that influence blood pressure and hypertension risk. In this study, we report results of the Korean Association REsource (KARE, 8842 subjects) GWA study on blood pressure and hypertension risk. In all, 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that showed significant association with hypertension were further analysed for replication associations in the Health2 project (7861 subjects). Among these 10 SNPs, 3 were replicated in the Health2 cohort for an association with systolic or diastolic blood pressure. The most significant SNP (rs17249754 located in ATPase, Ca(++) transporting, plasma membrane 1 (ATP2B1)) has been previously reported, and the other two SNPs are rs1378942 in the c-src tyrosine kinase (CSK) gene and rs12945290 in the arylsulphatase G (ARSG) gene. An additional hypertension case-control study confirmed that rs17249754 (in ATP2B1) increases hypertension risk in both the KARE and Health2 (meta-analysis, P-value=4.25 x 10(-9)) cohorts. One more SNP, rs995322, located in the CUB and Sushi multiple domains 1 (CSMD1), is also associated with increased risk of hypertension (meta-analysis, P-value=1.00 x 10(-4)). Despite the difficulty of obtaining replication results for a complex trait genetic association between blood pressure and hypertension, we were able to identify consistent genetic factors in both the Korean cohorts in ATP2B1, CSK, ARSG and CSMD1 genes.

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