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J Med Chem. 1991 Feb;34(2):798-806.

Synthesis and protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitory activities of flavonoid analogues.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907.


Treatment of o-hydroxyacetophenones 2a-e with excess lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide followed by dialkyl carbonates gave alkyl 3-(2-hydroxyaryl)-3-oxopropanoates 3a-e. The latter substances were transformed through the reaction of their magnesium chelates with benzoyl chlorides into a series of 3-(alkoxycarbonyl)-2-arylflavones, which were subsequently elaborated into a variety of flavonoids. These compounds were tested for their abilities to inhibit the in vitro protein-tyrosine kinase activity of p56lck, an enzyme which is thought to play a key role in mediating signal transduction from the CD4 receptor during lymphocyte activation. All of the active compounds had either an amino or a hydroxyl substituent at the 4'-position of the 2-aryl ring. The most active substance prepared in this study is compound 17c, which is approximately 1 order of magnitude more potent than the natural product quercetin (1). Compound 17c was a competitive inhibitor of p56lck with respect to ATP and was highly selective for the inhibition of protein-tyrosine over protein-serine/threonine kinases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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