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Int J Mol Med. 2010 Jan;25(1):129-36.

The functional and compositional properties of lipoproteins are altered in patients with metabolic syndrome with increased cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity.

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School of Biotechnology, Aging-associated Vascular Disease Research Center, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 712-749, Korea.


To compare the molecular composition and functional differences at the lipoprotein level, we analyzed individual lipoprotein fractions from male patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (n=10) and gender- and age-matched healthy controls (n=14). The MetS group had significantly higher obesity, blood pressure, serum cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), adiponectin, and uric acid levels than the control group, while the serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels of the MetS group were in the normal range. The MetS group had much weaker serum antioxidant ability and were more susceptible to copper-mediated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-oxidation. TG and apoC-III co-accumulated with LDL, high density lipoprotein (HDL)2, and HDL3 in the MetS group. The MetS group had serum amyloid A (SAA)-enriched HDL2 and HDL3, although the serum level of SAA was not higher than in controls. The MetS group had significantly deprived paraoxonase (PON) activity in the serum and HDL, while the MetS group had 38% higher serum cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity than that of the control group. Many serum parameters, such as TG, apoC-III, and uric acid, were elevated in the MetS group, and most of these measures were enriched in the LDL and HDL fractions rather than the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) fraction. The lipid and apolipoprotein composition of HDL was severely altered and its beneficial functions were severely diminished. ApoA-I level was more readily detected in lipoprotein-deficient serum of the MetS group, indicating that the apoA-I exists in a lipid-free state. These results suggest that the MetS group had dysfunctional HDL that enriched TG, apoC-III, CETP, and SAA without antioxidant activity.

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