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Nephron Clin Pract. 2010;114(3):c194-203. doi: 10.1159/000262302. Epub 2009 Nov 28.

Antibodies to core antigen of hepatitis B virus in patients on renal replacement therapy: association with demographic, clinical and laboratory data.

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1
Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Diseases, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland. alicja_grzegorzewska@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Total antibodies to core antigen of hepatitis B virus (anti-HBc) are a marker for previous or current infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Our aim was to examine the prevalence and incidence of anti-HBc in relation to demographic, clinical and laboratory data of patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis (IHD).

METHODS:

Predictors for anti-HBc positivity were evaluated in prevalence IHD patients with negative testing for surface antigen of HBV (HBsAg, n = 1,105) using the stepwise backward regression analysis. Patients starting IHD (n = 336) were introduced into the one-year prospective study evaluating seroconversion for anti-HBc.

RESULTS:

Anti-HBc positivity (19.5% of all patients) was predicted by lack of vaccination against HBV with developed protective titer of antibodies to HBsAg (beta = 0.592, p = 0.000), vintage of renal replacement therapy (RRT, beta = 0.206, p = 0.000), history of hepatitis (beta = 0.101, p = 0.000), and activity of alanine aminotransferase (beta = 0.057, p = 0.037). In 85 prospective patients who finished first IHD year, seroconversion rate for anti-HBc was 1.23 episodes/100 patient-years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lack of or not effective vaccination against HBV is the strongest predictor for prevalence of anti-HBc positivity in RRT patients. Periodical determination of anti-HBc, usually not required, may be helpful in evaluation of current epidemiological status and risk for further HBV infection in dialysis centers.

PMID:
19955825
DOI:
10.1159/000262302
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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