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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1991 Mar;20(3):429-32.

Fraction size in external beam radiation therapy in the treatment of melanoma.

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  • 1LDS Hospital, Radiation Therapy Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84143.


RTOG 83-05 was a prospective randomized trial evaluating the effectiveness of high dose per fraction irradiation in the treatment of melanoma. Retrospective analysis suggested a dose response curve of melanoma to external beam irradiation as the dose per fraction is increased. RTOG 83-05 randomized patients with measureable lesions to 4 x 8.0 Gy in 21 days once weekly to 20 x 2.5 Gy in 26-28 days, 5 days a week. One hundred thirty-seven patients were randomized and 126 patients were evaluable: 62 patients in the 4 x 8.0 Gy arm and 64 patients in 200 x 2.5 Gy arm. Patient characteristics were essentially identical. Stratification was performed on lesions less than 5 cm or greater than or equal to 5 cm. The study was closed on May 31, 1988 when interim statistical analysis suggested that further accrual would not reveal a difference between arms. Response rate overall was complete remission 23.8%, partial remission 34.9%. The 4 x 8.0 Gy arm exhibited a complete remission of 24.2% and partial remission of 35.5%. The 20 x 2.5 Gy arm exhibited a complete remission of 23.4% and partial remission of 34.4%. There was no difference between arms.

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