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Gene. 1991 Jan 2;97(1):143-6.

Plasmid cloning vectors that integrate site-specifically in Streptomyces spp.

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Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285.

Erratum in

  • Gene 1991 Jun 15;102(1):145.


Cloning vectors based on the Streptomyces ambofaciens plasmid pSAM2 and the streptomycete phage phi C31 were developed for use in Streptomyces spp. These vectors replicate in Escherichia coli but integrate by site-specific recombination in Streptomyces spp. Both pSAM2-based and phi C31-based vectors transformed a number of different Streptomyces spp; however, the phi C31-based vectors consistently transformed at higher frequencies than pSAM2-based vectors. Southern analysis indicated that the phi C31-based vectors integrated at a unique site in the S. ambofaciens chromosome, while the pSAM2-based vectors gave complex patterns which could indicate structural instability or use of multiple loci. Both types of vectors utilize the apramycin (Am)-resistance gene which can be selected in E. coli and Streptomyces spp. with either Am or the commercially available antibiotic Geneticin (G418).

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