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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Dec;34(6):618-22. doi: 10.1002/uog.7468.

Increased nuchal translucency with normal karyotype: a follow-up study of 100 cases supplemented with CGH and MLPA analyses.

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Departments of Fetal Medicine and Ultrasound, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.



To evaluate whether high-resolution comparative genomic hybridization (HR-CGH) and subtelomeric and syndrome-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) would detect minor chromosomal aberrations in fetuses with increased nuchal translucency thickness (NT) and normal karyotype on conventional karyotyping.


Chorionic villus samples from 100 fetuses with NT > or = 99(th) percentile and normal G-banding analysis and MLPA for detection of aneuploidies for chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y were included. Examinations were supplemented by HR-CGH and MLPA for syndromes and subtelomeric regions. Pregnancy outcome was followed up.


Among 80 liveborn children who were followed up, three (4%) had syndromes involving mental retardation, including a case of Sotos syndrome caused by a de novo mutation. 15% of fetuses were lost during pregnancy due to abnormalities and termination. The rate of adverse outcome overall was 18%. HR-CGH and MLPA did not detect any chromosomal aberrations associated with the syndromes.


The rate of adverse outcome was similar to levels recorded in the literature. Using CGH and MLPA did not increase the detection rate of genetic disease, which supports the current approach of repeated ultrasound examinations in these high-risk pregnancies.

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