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J Hypertens. 2010 Apr;28(4):764-70. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e328334f55c.

Effect of the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase on vascular reactivity following maximal dynamic exercise.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology & Postgraduate Program in Cardiovascular Sciences, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Considering that the role of nitric oxide as a vasodilator is increased after an acute bout of exercise and that the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase seems to reduce the nitric oxide release in response to shear stress, the present study investigated the 894G>T polymorphism in relation to vascular reactivity following maximal dynamic exercise.

METHOD:

We studied 110 healthy volunteers (wild-type group 45.5% and polymorphic group 54.5%). The protocol included vascular reactivity assessment at baseline and during reactive hyperemia, before, 10, 60 and 120 min after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples to determine the 894G>T polymorphism.

RESULTS:

There were no differences between the wild-type and polymorphic groups concerning anthropometric, metabolic and hemodynamic characteristics. Blood flow, before maximal exercise, was similar between the wild-type and the polymorphic groups. The polymorphic group presented lower vascular reactivity regardless of time (P = 0.019 for group main effect), and posthoc analysis revealed that polymorphic patients had lower values than wild-type only at the 120 min measurement (P = 0.002). Concerning within-group analysis, vascular reactivity increased at 10 min after exercise (P = 0.029) returning to baseline at 120 min (P = 0.005) in the polymorphic group.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with the 894G>T polymorphism had lower vascular reactivity after a single bout of exercise.

PMID:
19952778
DOI:
10.1097/HJH.0b013e328334f55c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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