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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Dec;124(6):1829-39. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181bf8024.

Scaffold-based rhBMP-2 therapy in a rat alveolar defect model: implications for human gingivoperiosteoplasty.

Author information

1
Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Primary alveolar cleft repair has a 41 to 73 percent success rate. Patients with persistent alveolar defects require secondary bone grafting. The authors investigated scaffold-based therapies designed to augment the success of alveolar repair.

METHODS:

Critical-size, 7 x 4 x 3-mm alveolar defects were created surgically in 60 Sprague-Dawley rats. Four scaffold treatment arms were tested: absorbable collagen sponge, absorbable collagen sponge plus recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate plus rhBMP-2, and no scaffold. New bone formation was assessed radiomorphometrically and histomorphometrically at 4, 8, and 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

Radiomorphometrically, untreated animals formed 43 +/- 6 percent, 53 +/- 8 percent, and 48 +/- 3 percent new bone at 4, 8, and 12 weeks, respectively. Animals treated with absorbable collagen sponge formed 50 +/- 6 percent, 79 +/- 9 percent, and 69 +/- 7 percent new bone, respectively. Absorbable collagen sponge plus rhBMP-2-treated animals formed 49 +/- 2 percent, 71 +/- 6 percent, and 66 +/- 7 percent new bone, respectively. Hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate treatment stimulated 69 +/- 12 percent, 86 +/- 3 percent (p < 0.05), and 87 +/- 14 percent new bone, respectively. Histomorphometry demonstrated an increase in bone formation in animals treated with hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate plus rhBMP-2 (p < 0.05; 4 weeks) compared with empty scaffold.

CONCLUSIONS:

Radiomorphometrically, absorbable collagen sponge and hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds induced more bone formation than untreated controls. The rhBMP-2 added a small but significant histomorphometric osteogenic advantage to the hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate scaffold.

PMID:
19952639
DOI:
10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181bf8024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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