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Bioresour Technol. 2010 Apr;101(8):2770-81. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.10.056. Epub 2009 Nov 30.

Mixture optimization of six core glycosyl hydrolases for maximizing saccharification of ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) pretreated corn stover.

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Biomass Conversion Research Laboratory (BCRL), Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, MBI Building, 3900 Collins Road, Lansing, MI 48910, USA.


In this work, six core glycosyl hydrolases (GH) were isolated and purified from various sources to help rationally optimize an enzyme cocktail to digest ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) treated corn stover. The four core cellulases were endoglucanase I (EG I, GH family 7B), cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I, GH family 7A), cellobiohydrolase II (CBH II, GH family 6A) and beta-glucosidase (betaG, GH family 3). The two core hemicellulases were an endo-xylanase (EX, GH family 11) and a beta-xylosidase (betaX, GH family 3). Enzyme family and purity were confirmed by proteomics. Synergistic interactions among the six core enzymes for varying relative and total protein loading (8.25, 16.5 and 33 mg/g glucan) during hydrolysis of AFEX-treated corn stover was studied using a high-throughput microplate based protocol. The optimal composition (based on% protein mass loading) of the cocktail mixture was CBH I (28.4%): CBH II (18.0%): EG I (31.0%): EX (14.1%): betaG (4.7%): betaX (3.8%). These results demonstrate a rational strategy for the development of a minimal, synergistic enzymes cocktail that could reduce enzyme usage and maximize the fermentable sugar yields from pretreated lignocellulosics.

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