Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychol Assess. 2009 Dec;21(4):486-97. doi: 10.1037/a0017074.

Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in studies of substance use.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA. shiffman@pitt.edu

Abstract

Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is particularly suitable for studying substance use, because use is episodic and thought to be related to mood and context. This article reviews EMA methods in substance use research, focusing on tobacco and alcohol use and relapse, where EMA has been most applied. Common EMA designs combine event-based reports of substance use with time-based assessments. Approaches to data organization and analysis have been very diverse, particularly regarding their treatment of time. Compliance with signaled assessments is often high. Compliance with recording of substance use appears good but is harder to validate. Treatment applications of EMA are emerging. EMA captures substance use patterns not measured by questionnaires or retrospective data and holds promise for substance use research.

PMID:
19947783
PMCID:
PMC2846437
DOI:
10.1037/a0017074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center