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J Gastroenterol. 2010 Apr;45(4):426-34. doi: 10.1007/s00535-009-0154-3. Epub 2009 Nov 28.

Hepatic senescence marker protein-30 is involved in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saiseikai Suita Hospital, Kawazonocho 1-2, Suita, Osaka 564-0013, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Both insulin resistance and increased oxidative stress in the liver are associated with the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) was initially identified as a novel protein in the rat liver, and acts as an antioxidant and antiapoptotic protein. Our aim was to determine whether hepatic SMP30 levels are associated with the development and progression of NAFLD.

METHODS:

Liver biopsies and blood samples were obtained from patients with an NAFLD activity score (NAS) < or = 2 (n = 18), NAS of 3-4 (n = 14), and NAS > or = 5 (n = 66).

RESULTS:

Patients with NAS > or = 5 had significantly lower hepatic SMP30 levels (12.5 +/- 8.4 ng/mg protein) than patients with NAS < or = 2 (30.5 +/- 14.2 ng/mg protein) and patients with NAS = 3-4 (24.6 +/- 12.2 ng/mg protein). Hepatic SMP30 decreased in a fibrosis stage-dependent manner. Hepatic SMP30 levels were correlated positively with the platelet count (r = 0.291) and negatively with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (r = -0.298), the net electronegative charge modified-low-density lipoprotein (r = -0.442), and type IV collagen 7S (r = -0.350). The immunostaining intensity levels of 4-hydroxynonenal in the liver were significantly and inversely correlated with hepatic SMP30 levels. Both serum large very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and very small low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in patients with NAS > or = 5 were significantly higher than those seen in patients with NAS < or = 2, and these lipoprotein fractions were significantly and inversely correlated with hepatic SMP30.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that hepatic SMP30 is closely associated with the pathogenesis of NAFLD, although it is not known whether decreased hepatic SMP30 is a result or a cause of cirrhosis.

PMID:
19946731
DOI:
10.1007/s00535-009-0154-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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