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Virology. 1991 Mar;181(1):109-17.

In vivo complementation of infectious transcripts from mutant tobacco mosaic virus cDNAs in transgenic plants.

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Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130.


A full-length cDNA clone of the U1 (common) strain of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was constructed, and highly infectious transcripts were produced in vitro using bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase. Frameshift mutations designed to cause premature termination of translation were introduced into either the 30-kDa movement protein (MP) gene or the coat protein (CP) gene. The MP-frameshift mutant was unable to locally or systemically infect inoculated tobacco plants. However, inoculation of transgenic tobacco plants that expressed a wild-type TMV MP gene resulted in both local and systemic viral infection. The CP-frameshift mutant, although unable to move systemically in nontransformed tobacco, exhibited systemic movement in transgenic plants that expressed a wild-type TMV CP gene. Transgenic tobacco plants that expressed the appropriate wild-type TMV gene were thus able to complement, in trans, mutant viruses lacking a functional MP or CP gene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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