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Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Sep;12(3):172-92. doi: 10.1053/j.tvir.2009.09.002.

Percutaneous nephrostomy: native and transplanted kidneys.

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Division of Vascular Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA.


Percutaneous nephrostomy is a procedure in which access to the renal collecting system of a native (nontransplanted) or transplanted kidney is obtained through the skin, providing external drainage and/or a portal for additional minimally invasive procedures. Such additional minimal invasive procedures include nephrolithotripsy, ureteric stent placement, ureteric dilation, ureteric embolization/obliteration, and rendezvous procedures with cystoscopy. Percutaneous nephrostomy has been proven to be an effective and safe minimally invasive image-guided procedure. This article discusses the indications, techniques, imaging guidance modalities, and outcomes related to percutaneous nephrostomy. Extensions of the nephrostomy procedures, such as ureteric stent placement and nephro-ureteral stent placement are discussed in subsequent articles in this issue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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