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Semin Immunol. 2010 Apr;22(2):68-78. doi: 10.1016/j.smim.2009.10.003. Epub 2009 Nov 27.

Lipid and glycolipid antigens of CD1d-restricted natural killer T cells.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

In spite of their relatively limited antigen receptor repertoire, CD1d-restricted NKT cells recognize a surprisingly diverse range of lipid and glycolipid antigens. Recent studies of natural and synthetic CD1d-presented antigens provide an increasingly detailed picture of how the specific structural features of these lipids and glycolipids influence their ability to be presented to NKT cells and stimulate their diverse immunologic functions. Particularly for synthetic analogues of alpha-galactosylceramides which have been the focus of intense recent investigation, it is becoming clear that the design of glycolipid antigens with the ability to precisely control the specific immunologic activities of NKT cells is likely to be feasible. The emerging details of the mechanisms underlying the structure-activity relationship of NKT cell antigens will assist greatly in the design and production of immunomodulatory agents for the precise manipulation of NKT cells and the many other components of the immune system that they influence.

PMID:
19945296
PMCID:
PMC2837800
DOI:
10.1016/j.smim.2009.10.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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