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Virology. 2010 Feb 5;397(1):14-22. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2009.11.006. Epub 2009 Nov 27.

The 5'CL-PCBP RNP complex, 3' poly(A) tail and 2A(pro) are required for optimal translation of poliovirus RNA.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0245, USA.


In this study, we showed that the 5'CL-PCBP complex, 3' poly(A) tail and viral protein 2A(pro) are all required for optimal translation of PV RNA. The 2A(pro)-mediated stimulation of translation was observed in the presence or absence of both the 5'CL and the 3' poly(A) tail. Using protein-RNA tethering, we established that the 5'CL-PCBP complex is required for optimal viral RNA translation and identified the KH3 domain of PCBP2 as the functional region. We also showed that the 5'CL-PCBP complex and the 3' poly(A) tail stimulate translation independent of each other. In addition to the independent function of each element, the 5'CL and the 3' poly(A) tail function synergistically to stimulate and prolong translation. These results are consistent with a model in which the 5'CL-PCBP complex interacts with the 3' poly(A)-PABP complex to form a 5'-3' circular complex that facilitates ribosome reloading and stimulates PV RNA translation.

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