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Life Sci. 1991;48(8):823-9.

Significant correlation between cerebrospinal fluid and brain levels of norepinephrine, serotonin and acetylcholine in anesthetized rats.

Author information

1
First Department of Pharmacology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to determine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain levels of norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT) and their metabolites--3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA)--in rats pretreated with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). In the 6-OHDA pretreated rats, both CSF and brain concentrations of NE, DOPAC and HVA sustained significant decreases as compared with those in non-treated rats. Positive and significant correlations between CSF and brain levels were observed in respect to NE, DOPAC and HVA. In 5,7-DHT pretreated rats, both CSF and brain concentrations of 5-HT and 5-HIAA were significantly decreased. A positive and significant correlation between CSF and brain levels in respect to 5-HT and 5-HIAA was observed. Further studies were carried out to determine ACh levels of both the CSF and the brain in microspheres (MS)-treated rats, which are used as a model of microembolization. The CSF ACh concentrations in MS-treated groups were significantly decreased as compared with those in non-treated rats. The brain ACh contents also tended to decrease in this group. A positive and significant correlation was observed between CSF and brain levels of ACh. These findings suggest that NE, 5-HT and ACh concentrations in the CSF are direct indications of central noradrenergic, serotonergic and cholinergic nerve activity, respectively.

PMID:
1994188
DOI:
10.1016/0024-3205(91)90098-v
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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