Send to

Choose Destination
Euro Surveill. 2009 Nov 26;14(47). pii: 19421.

Viral hepatitis among men who have sex with men, epidemiology and public health consequences.

Author information

Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


Viral hepatitis causes major disease burden worldwide, due to the chronic hepatitis sequelae: cirrhosis and primary liver cancer. Transmission of viral hepatitis is a problem not only in low-income countries, but also in high-income ones where viral hepatitis is a frequently occurring infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). Although the transmission routes of the three main hepatitis viruses, A, B and C, differ, MSM mainly acquire viral hepatitis during sexual contact. Vaccination programmes (only available for hepatitis A and B), raising awareness, and screening can be used to prevent transmission. However, despite the introduction of such methods in many high-income countries, the spread of viral hepatitis among MSM is still ongoing. This paper provides an overview of sexually acquired hepatitis A, B, and C among MSM in high-income countries, using recent insights obtained through molecular epidemiology, with the aim to raise awareness, improve vaccination coverage, and stimulate prevention programs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
Loading ...
Support Center