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Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2010 Feb;25(1):28-38. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acp094. Epub 2009 Nov 25.

Influence of procedural learning on Iowa Gambling Task performance among HIV+ individuals with history of substance dependence.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois-Chicago, 1601 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60622, USA. rgonzalez@psych.uic.edu

Abstract

HIV+ individuals have been shown to demonstrate deficits on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), a complex measure of "decision-making." Little remains known about what other neurocognitive processes may account for variability in IGT performance among HIV+ samples or the role of procedural learning (PL) in IGT performance. A sample of 49 HIV+ individuals with a history of substance use disorders was examined to explore the relationship between IGT performance and three measures of PL: The Rotary Pursuit, Mirror Star Tracing, and Weather Prediction tasks. We found no statistically significant relationships between IGT performance and any of the PL tasks, despite finding significant correlations among the PL tasks. This pattern of results persisted when analyzing IGT performance in various ways (e.g., performance on earlier trial blocks or impairment classifications). Although other nondeclarative processes (e.g., somatic markers) may be important for IGT performance, these findings do not support PL as an important component neurocognitive process for the IGT. Similarly, these results suggest that differences in PL performance does not account for the decision-making deficits or variability in performances observed on the IGT among HIV+ individuals with a history of substance dependence.

PMID:
19939850
PMCID:
PMC2809553
DOI:
10.1093/arclin/acp094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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