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Am J Chin Med. 2009;37(6):1085-97.

Hepatoprotective effect of shidagonglao on acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride.

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Graduate Institute of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.


This study investigates the hepatoprotective activity of ethanol extract from Shidagonglao roots (SDGL(EtOH)). The hepatoprotective effect of SDGL(EtOH) (20, 100 and 500 mg/kg) was analyzed on carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver injury. Rats pretreated orally with SDGL(EtOH) (100 and 500 mg/kg) and silymarin (200 mg/kg) for 3 consecutive days prior to the administration of a single dose of 50% CCl(4) (0.10 ml/100 g of bw, ip) significantly prevented the increases in the activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in CCl(4)-treated rats. Histological analysis also showed that SDGL(EtOH) (100 and 500 mg/kg) and silymarin reduced the incidence of liver lesions including vacuole formation, neutrophil infiltration and necrosis of hepatocytes induced by CCl(4) in rats. Moreover, the SDGL(EtOH) (100 and 500 mg/kg) increased the activities of anti-oxidative enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GRd) and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) level in liver, as compared to those in the CCl(4)-treated group. Furthermore, SDGL(EtOH) (100 and 500 mg/kg) and silymarin attenuated the increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in serum and nitric oxide (NO) in liver as compared to the CCl(4)-treated group. The hepatoprotective mechanisms of SDGL(EtOH) are likely related to inhibition of TNF-alpha, MDA and NO productions via increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GPx and GRd). These experimental results suggest that SDGL(EtOH) can attenuate CCl(4)-induced acute liver injury in rats.

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