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Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Dec;87(6):927-32. doi: 10.1139/O09-059.

Characterization of the O-antigen in the lipopolysaccharide of Cronobacter (Enterobacter) malonaticus 3267.

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Institute for Biological Sciences, National Research Council, 100 Sussex Dr., Ottawa, ON K1A 0R6, Canada.


Cronobacter malonaticus, a Gram-negative bacterium previously known as Enterobacter sakazakii, is an opportunistic pathogen known to cause serious infection in infants and neonates. To provide aid for the serological and chemical identification of clinical, environmental, or food isolates of this emerging pathogen, the characterization of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O-polysaccharide (O-PS) antigens of Cronobacter spp. is being undertaken. The structural analysis of the O-PS, obtained by hydrazinolysis of the lipopolysaccharide produced by Cronobacter malonaticus HPB 3267, was investigated by composition, methylation, and two-dimensional high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance methods, and was found to be a polymer of a branched pentasaccharide unit. This unit is composed of D-glucose (D-Glc), D-galactose (D-Gal), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose (D-GlcN), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-galactose (D-GalN) and 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) residues (1: 1: 1: 1: 1), forms the repeating oligosaccharide in the O-PS antigen, and has the structure: [structure: see text].

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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