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Transplantation. 2009 Nov 27;88(10):1194-202. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e3181bb43ec.

Everolimus with very low-exposure cyclosporine a in de novo kidney transplantation: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial.

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  • 1Renal Transplant Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.



In combination with everolimus (EVL), cyclosporine A (CsA) may be used at low exposure, so reducing the risk of renal dysfunction in renal transplant recipients (RTR). We evaluated whether higher exposure of EVL could allow a further reduction of CsA.


De novo RTR were randomized to standard exposure EVL (C0 3-8 ng/mL) with low-concentration CsA (C2 maintenance levels 350-500 ng/mL, group A) or higher EVL exposure (C0 8-12 ng/mL) with very low-concentration CsA (C2 maintenance levels 150-300 ng/mL, group B). The primary endpoints were 6-month creatinine clearance (CrCl) and biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) rate. After 6 months, patients were followed up (observational extension) to 12 months.


Two hundred eighty-five RTR (97% from deceased donors) were enrolled. Two patients per group died (1.4%). The 6-month death-censored graft survival was 90.2% in group A and 97.9% in group B and was unchanged at 12 months (P=0.007). There was no significant difference between groups at 6 months in CrCl (59.9 vs. 57.8 mL/min) and BPAR rates (14.7% vs. 11.9%) and also at 12 months (CrCl 62.5+/-20.7 vs. 61.3+/-22.0 mL/min, BPAR 14.7% vs. 14.1%). No significant differences were seen in treated acute rejections, steroid-resistant acute rejections, treatment failures, or delayed graft function, although there was a trend to better results in group B.


EVL given at higher exposure for 6 months plus very low CsA concentration may obtain low acute rejection rate and good graft survival in De novo renal transplantation. However, there was no difference between groups in CrCl.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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