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Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2009 Dec;234(12):vi, 1519-24. doi: 10.3181/0903-RM-115.

Quantitative loci regulating plasma levels of gamma glutamyl transferase and albumin and their genetic correlations with cardiovascular risk factors.

Author information

1
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Department of Human Ecology, The University of Texas at Austin,Austin, Texas 78712, USA. tbose@calpoly.edu

Abstract

gamma Glutamyl transferase (GGT) and albumin (ALB) are two markers of liver function. These two proteins have been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to explore the genetic factors that influence variation in the plasma levels of GGT and ALB and to evaluate their genetic correlations with cardiovascular risk factors. Baboons from the Southwest National Primate Research Center at the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, TX, were used as an animal model. The baboons were fed a standard monkey chow diet ad libitum. Fasting plasma concentrations of GGT, ALB, triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were measured in 350 pedigreed adult baboons by standard assay procedures. A maximum likelihood-based variance decomposition approach implemented in the computer program SOLAR was used to conduct genetic analyses. The heritabilities of GGT (h(2) = 0.55; P < 0.0001) and ALB (h(2) = 0.42; P < 0.01) were significant. No statistically significant associations were found between GGT and the cardiovascular-related phenotypes. Genetic correlations between ALB and total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides were significant. A QTL (LOD = 2.8) for GGT plasma levels was identified on the baboon homologue of human chromosome 22 between markers D22S304 and D22S280. A QTL (LOD = 2.3) near marker D10S1432 was detected on the baboon homologue of human chromosome 10 for ALB. These results imply that variations in the plasma levels of GGT and ALB are under significant genetic regulation and that a common genetic component influences ALB and cardiovascular risk factor phenotypes.

KEYWORDS:

NAFLD; atherosclerosis; genome scan; obesity; oxidative stress

PMID:
19934372
PMCID:
PMC2832911
DOI:
10.3181/0903-RM-115
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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