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Hypertension. 2010 Jan;55(1):69-75. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.141655. Epub 2009 Nov 23.

Evidence for the importance of adiponectin in the cardioprotective effects of pioglitazone.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

Abstract

The favorable effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ligand pioglitazone on glucose metabolism are associated with an increase in the fat-derived hormone adiponectin in the bloodstream. A recent clinical trial, Prospective Pioglitazone Clinical Trial in Macrovascular Events, demonstrated that pioglitazone improved cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the functional role of adiponectin in cardioprotection by pioglitazone has not been examined experimentally. Here we investigated the effect of pioglitazone on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiac hypertrophy and assessed the potential contribution of adiponectin to the action of pioglitazone on the heart. Wild-type or adiponectin-deficient mice were treated with pioglitazone as food admixture at a concentration of 0.01% for 1 week followed by 2 weeks of infusion with Ang II at 3.2 mg/kg per day. Ang II infusion in wild-type mice resulted in exacerbated myocyte hypertrophy and increased interstitial fibrosis, which were accompanied by elevated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 in the heart. Treatment of wild-type mice with pioglitazone attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation, and transforming growth factor-beta1 expression in response to Ang II. Pioglitazone also increased the plasma adiponectin level and phosphorylation of cardiac AMP-activated protein kinase in wild-type mice in the presence of Ang II. The suppressive effects of pioglitazone on Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis were diminished in adiponectin-deficient mice. Furthermore, pioglitazone had no effects on the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and AMP-activated protein kinase in the Ang II-infused heart of adiponectin-deficient mice. These data provide direct evidence that pioglitazone protects against Ang II-induced pathological cardiac remodeling via an adiponectin-dependent mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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