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Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Jan;3(1):132-9. doi: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.109.854943. Epub 2009 Nov 20.

Impact of HIV infection on diastolic function and left ventricular mass.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.



Patients with HIV have increased risk for cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities among asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals compared with HIV-uninfected individuals. Methods/Results- We performed echocardiography in 196 HIV-infected adults and 52 controls. Left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular mass indexed to the body surface area, and diastolic function were assessed according to American Society of Echocardiography standards. Left ventricular mass index was higher in HIV-infected patients (77.2 g/m(2) in patients with HIV versus 66.5 g/m(2) in controls, P<0.0001). Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar in both groups. Eight (4%) of the patients with HIV had evidence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (defined as an EF <50%) versus none of the controls; 97 (50%) had mild diastolic dysfunction compared with 29% of the HIV-uninfected subjects (P=0.008). After adjustment for hypertension and race, HIV-infected participants had a mean 8 g/m(2) larger left ventricular mass index compared with controls (P=0.001). Higher left ventricular mass index was independently associated with lower nadir CD4 T-cell count, suggesting that immunodeficiency may play a role in this process. After adjustment for age and traditional risk factors, patients with HIV had a 2.4 greater odds of having diastolic dysfunction as compared with controls (P=0.019).


HIV-infected patients had a higher prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and higher left ventricular mass index compared with controls. These differences were not readily explained by differences in traditional risk factors and were independently associated with HIV infection. These results suggest that contemporary asymptomatic patients with HIV manifest mild functional and morphological cardiac abnormalities, which are independently associated with HIV infection.

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