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Chronic Illn. 2009 Dec;5(4):235-42. doi: 10.1177/1742395309339266. Epub 2009 Nov 19.

The association between metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease in Jordan.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan. yousef.k@excite.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies in Jordan showed a considerably high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeS) and its individual components. However, data about the association between MeS and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Jordan are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association between MeS and CAD among Jordanians.

METHODS:

This case-control study included 269 patients diagnosed with CAD and 1026 subjects without CAD. Data collected from cases and controls included socio-demographic and clinical characteristics and anthropometric measurements. Patients were diagnosed with MeS based on the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) adult treatment panel (ATP) III.

RESULTS:

MeS was present in 65.1% of patients with CAD and in 44.0% of those with no CAD (p<0.0005). After adjusting for the important variables in the multivariate analysis, those with MeS were twice more likely to have CAD (OR = 1.94, 95% CI: 1.29, 2.93, p = 0.002) compared to those without MeS. The number of metabolic abnormalities was significantly associated with CAD, when it substituted MeS in the regression model, with a higher number of MeS components led to greater odds for CAD.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MeS, which occurs very frequently in the general population, is associated with CAD in Jordan. The identification of subjects with the MeS is conceivably useful from a clinical standpoint, as it can be anticipated that these individuals should benefit from interventions aimed at reducing cardiovascular risk.

PMID:
19933250
DOI:
10.1177/1742395309339266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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