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Chronic Illn. 2009 Dec;5(4):243-9. doi: 10.1177/1742395309343978. Epub 2009 Nov 19.

Reach and effectiveness of DVD and in-person diabetes self-management education.

Author information

1
Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, PO Box 378066, Denver, Colorado 80237-8066, USA. russg@re-aim.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the reach and effectiveness of a diabetes self-management DVD compared to classroom-based instruction.

METHODS:

A hybrid preference/randomized design was used with participants assigned to Choice v. Randomized and DVD v. Class conditions. One hundred and eighty-nine adults with type 2 diabetes participated. Key outcomes included self-management behaviours, process measures including DVD implementation and hypothesized mediators and clinical risk factors.

RESULTS:

In the Choice condition, four times as many participants chose the mailed DVD as selected Class-based instruction (38.8 v. 9.4%, p<0.001). At the 6-month follow-up, the DVD produced results generally not significantly different than classroom-based instruction, but a combined Class plus DVD condition did not improve outcomes beyond those produced by the classes alone.

DISCUSSION:

The DVD appears to have merit as an efficient and appealing alternative to brief classroom-based diabetes education, and the hybrid design is recommended to provide estimates of programme reach.

PMID:
19933245
DOI:
10.1177/1742395309343978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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