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Vet J. 2011 Feb;187(2):195-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.10.027. Epub 2009 Nov 25.

Western European epidemiological survey for parvovirus and coronavirus infections in dogs.

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Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Strada per Casamassima Km 3, 70010 Valenzano (Bari), Italy.


An epidemiological survey for canine parvovirus (CPV) and canine coronavirus (CCoV) infections was conducted in Western Europe. A total of 156 faecal samples were collected from dogs with diarrhoea in Spain (n=47), Italy (n=39), France (n=26), Germany (n=21), the United Kingdom (n=8), Belgium (n=10), and the Netherlands (n=5). Using molecular assays for virus detection and characterisation, CPV and CCoV were found to be widespread in European dog populations, either alone or in mixed infections. In agreement with previous reports, the original type CPV-2 was shown not to circulate in European dogs. The recently identified virus variant CPV-2c was predominant in Italy and Germany and present at high rates in Spain and France but was not detected in the UK or Belgium. Except for the UK, CCoV genotype I was identified in all European countries involved in the survey, albeit at a lower prevalence rates than CCoV genotype II.

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