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Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jan;11(1):48-54. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70333-X. Epub 2009 Nov 20.

Efficacy and safety of gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab in advanced biliary-tract cancers and correlation of changes in 18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET with clinical outcome: a phase 2 study.

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1
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. azhu@partners.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous phase 2 studies have shown antitumour activity with gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) in patients with advanced biliary-tract cancers (BTCs). In this phase 2 study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of combined bevacizumab with GEMOX (GEMOX-B) in patients with advanced BTCs, and investigated how changes in 18-fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG)-PET correlate with clinical outcome.

METHODS:

Patients with advanced measurable BTCs were given the following treatment on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle: bevacizumab 10 mg/kg, followed by gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) (10 mg/m(2) per min) and oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) (2-h infusion). [(18)F]FDG-PET scans were obtained at baseline and after completion of the second cycle. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Efficacy and safety analyses were by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00361231.

FINDINGS:

35 patients were enrolled and evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. Median PFS was 7.0 months (95% CI 5.3-10.3), and PFS at 6 months was 63% (47-79), which was below the targeted rate of 70%. Grade 3-4 toxic effects included neutropenia (n=7), raised alanine aminotransferase concentrations (n=5), peripheral neuropathy (n=5), and hypertension (n=5). [(18)F]FDG-PET scans showed a significant decrease in maximum standardised uptake value (SUV(max)) after two cycles of treatment (5.72 [SD 2.01] at baseline; 3.73 [SD 1.88] after two cycles; p<0.0001). These changes were more pronounced in patients with partial response or stable disease than those with progressive disease (24 patients, -2.80 [SD 1.95] vs five patients, 1.41 [SD 3.13]; p=0.009). Change in SUV(max) was a significant predictor of PFS (HR 1.35, 1.14-1.60, p=0.0006) and overall survival (1.25, 1.05-1.50, p=0.01).

INTERPRETATION:

GEMOX-B showed antitumour activity with tolerable safety in patients with advanced BTCs. Decreases in SUV(max) on [(18)F]FDG-PET scans after treatment were associated with disease control and increases in PFS and overall survival.

FUNDING:

Genentech Oncology and Sanofi-Aventis.

Comment in

PMID:
19932054
DOI:
10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70333-X
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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