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Biochemistry. 1991 Feb 19;30(7):1828-35.

NMR studies of the exocyclic 1,N6-ethenodeoxyadenosine adduct (epsilon dA) opposite deoxyguanosine in a DNA duplex. Epsilon dA(syn).dG(anti) pairing at the lesion site.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.


Proton NMR studies are reported on the complementary d(C-A-T-G-G-G-T-A-C).d(G-T-A-C-epsilon A-C-A-T-G) nonanucleotide duplex (designated epsilon dA.dG 9-mer duplex), which contains exocyclic adduct 1,N6-ethenodeoxyadenosine positioned opposite deoxyguanosine in the center of the helix. The present study focuses on the alignment of dG5 and epsilon dA14 at the lesion site in the epsilon dA.dG 9-mer duplex at neutral pH. This alignment has been characterized by monitoring the NOEs originating from the NH1 proton of dG5 and the H2, H5, and H7/H8 protons of epsilon dA14 in the central d(G4-G5-G6).d(C13-epsilon A14-C15) trinucleotide segment of the epsilon dA.dG 9-mer duplex. These NOE patterns establish that epsilon dA14 adopts a syn glycosidic torsion angle that positions the exocyclic ring toward the major groove edge while all the other bases including dG5 adopt anti glycosidic torsion angles. We detect a set of intra- and interstrand NOEs between protons (exchangeable and nonexchangeable) on adjacent residues in the d(G4-G5-G6).d(C13-epsilon A14-C15) trinucleotide segment which establish formation of right-handed helical conformations on both strands and stacking of the dG5(anti).epsilon dA14(syn) pair between stable dG4.dC15 and dG6.dC13 pairs. The energy-minimized conformation of the central d(G4-G5-G6).d(C13-epsilon A14-C15) segment establishes that the dG5(anti).epsilon dA14(syn) alignment is stabilized by two hydrogen bonds from the NH1 and NH2-2 of dG5(anti) to N9 and N1 of epsilon dA14(syn), respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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