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J Adolesc Health. 2009 Dec;45(6):543-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.023. Epub 2009 Jun 21.

Adolescents' nonmedical use of prescription medications and other problem behaviors.

Author information

1
Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. caroboyd@umich.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examines adolescent nonmedical use of prescription medications (NUPM) and its relationship to other problem behaviors.

METHODS:

A secondary analysis was conducted with data gathered from 912 adolescents in 2007. Four mutually exclusive groups were created from the data. Adolescents who: 1) did not use controlled prescription medications (nonusers); 2) used their own controlled medications as prescribed (medical-users); 3) engaged in nonmedical use for self-treatment motivations (self-treaters), and 4) engaged in nonmedical use for sensation-seeking motivations (sensation-seekers). These four groups were compared on problem behaviors as well as depression and impulsivity.

RESULTS:

Approximately 10.9% of the sample engaged in NUPM and 36.8% had a legal prescription for a controlled medication. Sensation-seekers were more likely to engage in most problem behaviors when compared with all other groups; impulsivity and depression was variable among groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings suggest there are different subtypes of nonmedical users of prescription medications.

PMID:
19931825
PMCID:
PMC2784421
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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