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Epilepsy Behav. 2010 Jan;17(1):1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.10.019.

Cognition across the lifespan: antiepileptic drugs, epilepsy, or both?

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University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.


Cognitive problems in persons with epilepsy manifest over a lifetime; however, whether abnormal cognition in an individual with epilepsy is a result of comorbid brain substrate, the epilepsy itself or its underlying etiology, the antiepileptic agents used to control it, or a combination of these and other factors remains controversial. There is a continuing need for improved therapies to control seizures and reduce the incidence of adverse events, especially those involving the central nervous system that compromise attention, intelligence, language skills, verbal and nonverbal memory, executive function, and psychomotor speeds. Although cognitive decline typically occurs among patients with more severe epilepsy, physicians must judiciously select therapy with an eye toward not only controlling seizures but also ensuring that all patients retain as much function as possible throughout their lives.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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