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Cytotherapy. 2009;11(8):992-1001. doi: 10.3109/14653240903121245.

A combination of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and plerixafor mobilizes more primitive peripheral blood progenitor cells than G-CSF alone: results of a European phase II study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine V, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. prof.stefan.fruehauf@pk-mx.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND AIMS:

Previous studies in xenograft models have shown that human peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) mobilized with the CXCR4 antagonist plerixafor (AMD3100) have a higher bone marrow (BM) reconstitution potential than granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized PBPC.

METHODS:

PBPC obtained during G-CSF-supported mobilization before and after a supplementary administration of AMD3100 from patients with multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=15; phase II study) were investigated for co-expression of primitive and lineage-associated markers, their proliferative activity in vitro and repopulation potential after clinical transplantation.

RESULTS:

A significant increase in primitive CD34+ CD38(-) cells was observed in intraindividual comparisons of all patients after administration of G-CSF+AMD3100 (peripheral blood: median 8-fold, range 2,4-fold - 39-fold) compared with G-CSF alone. Using a long-term culture-initiating cell assay, this increase was confirmed. After transplantation of G-CSF+AMD3100-mobilized PBPC, the time to leukocyte reconstitution > 1 x 10(3)/microL and platelet reconstitution > 2 x 10(4)/microL was 14 (10-19 days) and 13 days (10-15 days), respectively. A complete and stable hematologic reconstitution (platelets > 1.5 x 10(5)/microL) was observed in 91% of all patients within 35 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

An additional application of AMD3100 to a standard G-CSF mobilization regimen leads to a significant increase in primitive PBPC with high repopulation capacity.

PMID:
19929463
DOI:
10.3109/14653240903121245
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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