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EMBO J. 2010 Jan 6;29(1):263-77. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2009.329. Epub 2009 Nov 19.

NMR evidence for differential phosphorylation-dependent interactions in WT and DeltaF508 CFTR.

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Program in Molecular Structure and Function, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The most common cystic fibrosis (CF)-causing mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is deletion of Phe508 (DeltaF508) in the first of two nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs). Nucleotide binding and hydrolysis at the NBDs and phosphorylation of the regulatory (R) region are required for gating of CFTR chloride channel activity. We report NMR studies of wild-type and DeltaF508 murine CFTR NBD1 with the C-terminal regulatory extension (RE), which contains residues of the R region. Interactions of the wild-type NBD1 core with the phosphoregulatory regions, the regulatory insertion (RI) and RE, are disrupted upon phosphorylation, exposing a potential binding site for the first coupling helix of the N-terminal intracellular domain (ICD). Phosphorylation of DeltaF508 NBD1 does not as effectively disrupt interactions with the phosphoregulatory regions, which, along with other structural differences, leads to decreased binding of the first coupling helix. These results provide a structural basis by which phosphorylation of CFTR may affect the channel gating of full-length CFTR and expand our understanding of the molecular basis of the DeltaF508 defect.

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