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Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2009 Jul-Aug;44(4):440-65. doi: 10.1080/13682820902929073.

Auditory processing disorder in relation to developmental disorders of language, communication and attention: a review and critique.

Author information

  • 1Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. piers.dawes@manchester.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) does not feature in mainstream diagnostic classifications such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV), but is frequently diagnosed in the United States, Australia and New Zealand, and is becoming more frequently diagnosed in the United Kingdom.

AIMS:

To familiarize readers with current controversies surrounding APD, with an emphasis on how APD might be conceptualized in relation to language and reading problems, attentional problems and autistic spectrum disorders.

METHODS & PROCEDURES:

Different conceptual and diagnostic approaches adopted by audiologists and psychologists can lead to a confusing picture whereby the child who is regarded as having a specific learning disability by one group of experts may be given an APD diagnosis by another. While this could be indicative of co-morbidity, there are concerns that different professional groups are using different labels for the same symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS:

APD, as currently diagnosed, is not a coherent category, but that rather than abandoning the construct, we need to develop improved methods for assessment and diagnosis, with a focus on interdisciplinary evaluation.

PMID:
19925352
DOI:
10.1080/13682820902929073
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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