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Environ Sci Technol. 2009 Dec 15;43(24):9465-72. doi: 10.1021/es902255q.

Microarray analysis of Mycobacterium bovis BCG revealed induction of iron acquisition related genes in response to hydrogen peroxide.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Mycobacterium bovis BCG strain Pasteur 1173P2 responds with adaptive and protective strategies against oxidative stress. Despite advances in our understanding of the responses to oxidative stress in many specific cases, the connectivity between targeted protective genes and the rest of cell metabolism remains obscure. This study was therefore carried out to investigate the genome-wide response of M. bovis BCG to hydrogen peroxide after 10 and 60 min of treatment. ATP measurements were carried out in order to monitor the changes in M. bovis BCG growth over a 1 h period. The furA gene in Mycobacterium bovis, a pleiotropic regulator that couples iron metabolism to the oxidative stress response was involved in the response to hydrogen peroxide stress. There were also increased levels of catalase/ peroxidase (KatG) and the biosynthesis operon of mycobactin. This study revealed significant upregulation of the oxidative response group of M. bovis, amino acid transport and metabolism, defense mechanisms, DNA replication, recombination and repair, and downregulation of cell cycle control, mitosis, and meiosis, lipid transport and metabolism, and cell wall/membrane biogenesis. This study shows that the treatment of M. bovis BCG with hydrogen peroxide induces iron acquisition related genes and oxidative stress response genes within one hour of treatment.

PMID:
19924887
DOI:
10.1021/es902255q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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