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Anal Chem. 2009 Dec 15;81(24):10162-6. doi: 10.1021/ac902054z.

Designed recombinant transcription factor with antibody-variable regions.

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Research Center for Environmental Genomics, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodaicho, Nada-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 657-8501, Japan.


Many recombinant transcription factors have been invented, but we cannot select a substance used as an inducer. In this study, we have created a novel expression control system in which we can select a substance as an inducer toward which a monoclonal antibody (mAb) is prepared. The variable region fragments (Fvs) of the heavy and light chains (V(H) and V(L)) of the bisphenol A (BPA)-specific mAb BBA-2187 were each fused to the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of LexA and the transactivation domain (AD) of VP16. The association between the two recombinant proteins in the presence of BPA constituted a functional transcription factor. The recombinant proteins in which the DBD was fused to the N-terminal side of the Fv and in which the nuclear localization signal (NLS) was fused to the N-termini of the construct including the AD highly induced beta-galactosidase (lacZ) expression in recombinant yeast cells grown with BPA. When the Fvs of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-specific mAb 4444 were used, DBD-NLS-V(H) and NLS-AD-V(L) showed significantly increased lacZ activity in response to a PCB derivative. The Fv transcription factor may be useful in many fields such as gene therapeutics.

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