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Kidney Int. 2010 Feb;77(3):201-10. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.434. Epub 2009 Nov 18.

Genetic analysis of albuminuria in aging mice and concordance with loci for human diabetic nephropathy found in a genome-wide association scan.

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The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA.


Aging in the kidney can cause albuminuria, and discovering molecular mechanisms responsible for this might offer a new perspective on the etiology of this abnormality. Haplotype association mapping in the mouse is a novel approach which uses the haplotypes of the relatively closely related mouse inbred strains and the phenotypic variation among these strains to find associations between haplotypes and phenotype. The albumin-to-creatinine ratios, a measure of urinary albumin excretion, were determined in 30 inbred mouse strains at 12, 18, and 24 months of age. Mapping was performed for males and females separately at all three time points using a high density set of 63,222 single-nucleotide polymorphisms to determine genetic loci involved in albuminuria. One significant and eight suggestive loci were found, some of which map to previously identified loci for traits associated with kidney damage in the mouse, but with a much higher resolution thus narrowing their chromosomal location. These nine loci were then compared with genome-wide association scans for diabetic nephropathy (DN) in human type I diabetes. Our study found that two of the nine mouse loci for age-related albuminuria were significantly associated with DN and consistent across male and female strata. This suggests common underlying genes predispose to kidney disease in mice and humans.

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