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Immunology. 2010 Mar;129(3):396-405. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2009.03192.x. Epub 2009 Nov 16.

A comparison between isolated blood dendritic cells and monocyte-derived dendritic cells in pigs.

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Vaccine & Infectious Disease Organization, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.


Various dendritic cell (DC) populations exist that differ in phenotype and ability to present antigen to T cells. For example, plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) are less potent T cell activators compared with conventional DCs (cDCs). Here, we compared porcine blood DCs (BDCs), containing pDCs and cDCs, and monocyte-derived DCs (MoDC), consisting of cDCs, in their phenotype, ability to uptake antigen, activation and maturation and their ability to present antigen to autologous T cells. Pigs represent an important animal model, whose immune system in many respects closely resembles that of humans. For example, the distribution of Toll-like receptors is similar to that of humans, in contrast to that of mice. Here we demonstrate that both populations endocytose foreign material. Following lipopolysaccharide stimulation, CD80/86 and chemokine receptor (CCR)7 expression was increased in both populations as was the expression of the chemokine ligands (CCL)-2, CCL-4, CCL-20 and CXCL-2. Although basal and post-stimulation protein concentrations of interleukins 6 and 8 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha were higher in MoDCs, protein concentrations showed a higher fold increase in BDCs. Antigen-specific proliferation of autologous T cells was induced by MoDCs and BDCs. Interestingly, while MoDCs induced stronger proliferation in naive T cells, no difference in proliferation was observed when primed T cells were studied. These results demonstrate that isolated porcine BDCs are highly responsive to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide and are functionally able to drive primed T-cell proliferation to the same extent as MoDCs.

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