Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acta Radiol. 2009 Dec;50(10):1095-103. doi: 10.3109/02841850903008800.

Characterizing breast cancer xenograft epidermal growth factor receptor expression by using near-infrared optical imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is associated with several key features of cancer development and growth. Therefore, EGFR is a very promising biological target for tumor diagnosis and anticancer therapy. Characterization of EGFR expression is important for clinicians to select patients for EGFR-targeted therapy and evaluate therapeutic effects.

PURPOSE:

To investigate whether near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye Cy5.5-labeled anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody Erbitux can characterize EGFR expression level in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer xenografts using an in vivo NIR imaging method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A fluorochrome probe was designed by coupling Cy5.5 to Erbitux through acidylation, and the fluorescence property of the Erbitux-Cy5.5 conjugate was characterized by fluorospectroscopy. Flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy were used to test the EGFR specificity of the antibody probe in vitro. Erbitux-Cy5.5 was also injected intravenously into immune-deficient mice bearing MDA-MB-231 or MCF-7 tumors. Whole-body and region-of-interest fluorescence images were acquired and analyzed. The EGFR expression was also analyzed and confirmed by immunohistochemical assay.

RESULTS:

The maximum excitation/emission wavelength for the Erbitux-Cy5.5 probe was 674/697 nm, similar to that of free Cy5.5 (674/712 nm). Confocal microscopy confirmed receptor-specific uptake in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells. In flow cytometry probe specificity assay, Erbitux-Cy5.5 showed a 9.32-fold higher affinity for MDA-MB-231 than MCF-7 cells. In vivo NIR imaging also indicated specific uptake in EGFR-positive tumors. Probe uptake rate and maximum intake dose in MDA-MB-231 were significantly higher than those in MCF-7 xenografts (P < 0.001). Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the in vivo imaging results, showing differentiated EGFR expression in MDA-MB-231 (+ + +) and MCF-7 (+) tumor tissues.

CONCLUSION:

Erbitux-Cy5.5 may be used as a specific NIR contrast agent for the noninvasive characterization of EGFR expression level in breast cancer xenografts.

PMID:
19922304
PMCID:
PMC3618993
DOI:
10.3109/02841850903008800
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center