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J Mol Biol. 1991 Jan 20;217(2):217-22.

Molecular analysis of ultraviolet-induced mutations in a xeroderma pigmentosum cell line.

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MRC Cell Mutation Unit, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, U.K.


We have isolated and characterized 47 ultraviolet light-induced hprt mutants from a simian virus 40-transformed excision-repair-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum cell line (complementation group A). Twenty-one independent mutations were found, of which the majority were point mutations. Eleven of these were identified as base changes, nine of which could be attributed to ultraviolet damage on the transcribed DNA strand. Both transitions and transversions were found among the single base changes. A large proportion of the mutations (13/21) resulted in aberrant splicing of the hprt gene, suggesting that the target size for mutations resulting in aberrant splicing must be quite large. A small number of spontaneous mutations were identified, most of which were large deletions. Our data provide a spectrum for the intrinsic mutations resulting from ultraviolet damage in human cells in the absence of repair.

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