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Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010 Sep;32(3):231-41. Epub 2009 Nov 13.

Alcohol use patterns among Brazilian adults.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, SP, Brazil. laranjeira@unaid.org.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe patterns of alcohol consumption in the adult Brazilian population.

METHOD:

Multicluster random sample of 2,346 subjects 18 years of age or older, selected nationwide. Interviews were conducted in respondents' homes between November 2005 and April 2006.

RESULTS:

About 48% of the sample had not drunk alcoholic beverages in the past year, with variations by gender, age, marital status, education, income and region of the country. Among drinkers, 29% reported drinking 5 or more drinks per occasion (men, 38%). Sociodemographic variables are associated with the frequency and amount of drinking, alcohol problems, and alcohol abuse and dependence. Among the whole sample (including drinkers and non drinkers), 28% reported binge drinking, 25% reported at least one kind of alcohol related problem, 3% were alcohol abusers and another 9% were alcohol dependent.

DISCUSSION:

Abstinence is high in the Brazilian population. However, elevated proportions of those who drink consume alcohol in a high risk pattern (binge-drinking), report a high level of alcohol problems, alcohol abuse and dependence. National public policies must consider these factors, as well as the regional Brazilian differences.

PMID:
19918673
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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