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Diabetes. 1991 Feb;40(2):290-4.

Influence of protease on inhibitory and stimulatory effects of interleukin 1 beta on beta-cell function.

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Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden.


To elucidate the putative role of proteases in the action of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) on pancreatic beta-cells, we studied the effects on islet function of different protease inhibitors when added together with recombinant IL-1 beta to isolated rat pancreatic islets. It was found that the trypsin inhibitor N alpha-p-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone (TLCK) counteracted the acute stimulatory effects of IL-1 beta on islet glucose oxidation, insulin release, and biosynthesis. TLCK also partially or completely counteracted the long-term inhibitory effects of IL-1 beta on islet glucose oxidation, insulin biosynthesis, content, and release. This protease inhibitor also counteracted IL-1 beta-induced beta-cell cytotoxicity as assessed by DNA content measurements. Of the other group-specific protease inhibitors investigated, only N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone, N alpha-p-tosyl-L-arginine methyl ester, and chloromercuriphenylsulfonic acid were found to partially protect against IL-1 beta action. We concluded that protease activation, putatively a serine protease, may be an early and perhaps primary event in the action of IL-1 beta on beta-cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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