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Arch Drug Inf. 2008 Sep;1(2):56-62.

Relative Bioavailability of Fentanyl Following Various Dosing Regimens of Fentanyl Buccal Tablet in Healthy Japanese Volunteers.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fentanyl buccal tablet (FBT; FENTORA(R), Cephalon, Inc., Frazer, PA, USA) is indicated in the US for breakthrough pain in patients with cancer who are already receiving and are tolerant to around-the-clock opioid therapy for underlying persistent cancer pain. For each individual patient, FBT should be titrated to the effective dose.

OBJECTIVE:

The primary objective was to characterize the pharmacokinetic parameters of FBT 400 microg administered as a single 400 microg tablet (regimen A) or as two 200 microg tablets given simultaneously (regimen B) and determine whether these are bioequivalent in healthy Japanese volunteers. Regimen C (two 200 microg tablets 30 minutes apart) was also compared as a secondary objective.

METHODS:

Healthy Japanese adults received regimens A, B, and C in a crossover fashion. Naltrexone was given to minimize the opioid effects of fentanyl. Serum fentanyl concentrations were determined in venous blood collected through 36 hours post dose. Regimens were declared bioequivalent with respect to bioavailability (as reflected by AUC(0-infinity), AUC(0-last), and C(max)) if the 90% confidence interval (CI) of the regimens' ratio fell within 0.80-1.25 (80%-125%).

RESULTS:

Twenty-nine volunteers (13 men, 16 women) were enrolled; 24 completed the study. Regimens A and B had bioequivalent systemic exposure parameters (B/A [90% CI]: AUC(0-infinity)108.4 [103.4, 113.7], AUC(0-last) 106.1 [100.7, 111.7], and C(max) 92.3 [83.2, 102.4]). Regimen C was bioequivalent to both A and B for AUCs, but only to B for C(max). Median time to C(max) was 45 minutes for regimen A and 60 minutes for regimens B and C. The most frequent AEs were dizziness, application-site erythema, headache, somnolence, nausea, and vomiting. All AEs were mild or moderate.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bioavailability of fentanyl after FBT 400 microg administered as a single tablet was bioequivalent to that after 2 simultaneously administered 200 microg tablets in healthy Japanese volunteers. AEs were mild or moderate.

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