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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2009 Dec;30(12):1709-16. doi: 10.1038/aps.2009.157. Epub 2009 Nov 16.

2-Amino-nonyl-6-methoxyl-tetralin muriate inhibits sterol C-14 reductase in the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the action mechanism of a novel chemical structural aminotetralin derivate, 2-Amino-Nonyl-6-Methoxyl-Tetralin Muriate (10b), against Candida albicans (C albicans) in the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway.

METHODS:

Antifungal susceptibility test of 10b was carried out using broth microdilution method, the action mechanism of 10b against C albicans was investigated by GC-MS spectrometry and real-time RT-PCR assay, and cytotoxicity of 10b in vitro was assessed by MTS/PMS reduction assay.

RESULTS:

10b reduced the ergosterol content markedly, and the 50% ergosterol content inhibitory concentration (ECIC(50) value) was 0.08 microg/mL. Although the sterol composition of 10b-grown cells was completely identical with that of erg24 strain, the content of ergosta-8,14,22-trienol in 10b-grown cells was much higher than that in erg24 strain. Real-time RT-PCR assay revealed a global upregulation of sterol metabolism genes. In addition, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50) value) of 10b was 11.30 microg/mL for murine embryonic fibroblasts and 35.70 microg/mL for human normal liver cells.

CONCLUSION:

10b possessed a mode of action different from that of azoles and morpholines, whose targets were sterol C-14 reductase (encoded by ERG24 gene) and sterol C-5 desaturase (encoded by ERG3) related enzyme. Although 10b seemed to reduce MTS/PMS reduction in a dose dependent manner, IC(50) value for mammalian cells was much higher than 50% minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC(50)) value for C albicans. This indicates that the formulation is preliminarily safe and warrants further study for possible human applications.

PMID:
19915585
PMCID:
PMC4007502
DOI:
10.1038/aps.2009.157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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