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Nat Chem Biol. 2009 Dec;5(12):865-9. doi: 10.1038/nchembio.260.

Nitrate and nitrite in biology, nutrition and therapeutics.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. jon.lundberg@ki.se

Abstract

Inorganic nitrate and nitrite from endogenous or dietary sources are metabolized in vivo to nitric oxide (NO) and other bioactive nitrogen oxides. The nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway is emerging as an important mediator of blood flow regulation, cell signaling, energetics and tissue responses to hypoxia. The latest advances in our understanding of the biochemistry, physiology and therapeutics of nitrate, nitrite and NO were discussed during a recent 2-day meeting at the Nobel Forum, Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm.

PMID:
19915529
PMCID:
PMC4038383
DOI:
10.1038/nchembio.260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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