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FEBS Lett. 1991 Jan 28;278(2):190-4.

Human milk bile-salt stimulated lipase. Sequence similarity with rat lysophospholipase and homology with the active site region of cholinesterases.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


To determine the active site residue, human milk bile-salt stimulated lipase (BSSL) was labelled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP). Partial sequence analysis of cyanogen bromide fragments (a total of 146 residues from 6 peptides) revealed 84% sequence identity with a putative rat lysophospholipase. Sequence analysis of a [3H]DFP-labelled peptide indicated that the active site serine was contained in the sequence Gly-Glu-Ser-Ala-Gly. In addition to similarity with rat lysophospholipase, this sequence showed homology with regions of human butyrylcholinesterase and electric ray acetylcholinesterase (68% identity). It is concluded that these proteins are members of a new supergene family.

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