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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010 Jan-Feb;42(1):17-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.11.011. Epub 2009 Nov 14.

Screen-related sedentary behaviors: children's and parents' attitudes, motivations, and practices.

Author information

1
Public Health Research, Education and Development Program, Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario, Canada. meizi.he@utsa.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate school-aged children's and parents' attitudes, social influences, and intentions toward excessive screen-related sedentary behavior (S-RSB).

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study using a survey methodology.

SETTING:

Elementary schools in London, Ontario, Canada.

PARTICIPANTS:

All grades 5 and 6 students, their parents, and their teachers in the participating schools were invited to voluntarily participate; 508 student-parent pairs completed the surveys.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Children's screen-related behaviors.

ANALYSIS:

Data were analyzed using the Independent Student t test to compare differences of continuous variables and the chi-square test to test for differences of categorical variables.

RESULTS:

Children spent 3.3 +/- 0.15 (standard error) hours per day engaged in screen-related activities. Entertainment, spending time with family, and boredom were cited as the top 3 reasons for television viewing and video game playing. Compared to "low-screen users" (ie, < 2 hours/day), "high-screen users" (ie, >or= 2 hours/day) had a less negative attitude toward excessive S-RSB and perceived loosened parental rules on screen use. Parents of high-screen users had a less negative attitude toward children's S-RSB, had fewer rules about their children's screen use, and were more likely to be sedentary themselves.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Intervention strategies aimed at reducing S-RSB should involve both parents and children and should focus on fostering behavioral changes and promoting parental role modeling.

PMID:
19914872
PMCID:
PMC4898949
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2008.11.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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